DOMINICA, Nov 24 (IPS) – The world celebrates the Worldwide Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer every year, however for Saint Lucia, the annual month-long observance highlights year-round work on ozone safety.For international locations throughout the globe, September 16th is a day to mirror on progress in defending the ozone layer. The United Nations designated day for the preservation of the ozone layer is marked by speeches, and academic and social media campaigns.
For the Caribbean Island of Saint Lucia, at some point is just not ample to focus on the beneficial properties made or to have fun the 1987 signing of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer, a landmark, universally ratified treaty.
For that nation, Ozone ‘day’ caps a month-long observance, and ozone safety is a year-round effort.
“The Nationwide Ozone Unit was established in 1997 and is chargeable for coordinating our actions and programmes to make sure that we meet our targets underneath the Montreal Protocol,” Sustainable Growth and Surroundings Officer in Saint Lucia’s Division of Sustainable Growth Kasha Jn Baptiste instructed IPS.
“Our essential obligation is reporting on our progress with the phasing out of ozone-depleting substances and coordinating related initiatives. Different duties embody training and consciousness, technician coaching, implementation and enforcement of laws, and coordinating companions to make sure that we meet our obligations underneath the conference. It is a year-round job.”
Following summer season actions with youth aged 15-18, the Division of Sustainable Growth held a month-long observance in September. Occasions included media appearances and updates on Saint Lucia’s progress towards reaching the mannequin protocol. The Division has held consciousness occasions in any respect college ranges, with extra actions scheduled for October.
It’s a part of a year-round effort to coach the general public and put youth on the middle of ozone safety.
“One of the vital vital methods to proceed to focus on the ozone layer is thru elevated consciousness. We began with ozone day and normally focused on training actions round that day, however we realised that we should have actions year-round. We’re additionally encouraging the educating of ozone points as a part of our science curriculum,” stated Jn Baptiste, who’s the Focal Level for the Montreal Protocol in Saint Lucia.
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector
A significant part of sustaining compliance with the Montreal Protocol includes stringent monitoring of the refrigeration and air con sector. This contains refrigerants akin to chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs, a bunch of ozone-depleting chemical substances which have been banned however stay in older fridge and air situation fashions.
In Saint Lucia, the Sustainable Growth Division conducts year-round coaching for technicians.
“The refrigeration air con sector is the place we use the majority of these merchandise and technicians are those servicing this stuff. We would like them to pay attention to what is occurring, how the sector is transitioning, and what new alternate options can be found,” Jn Baptiste instructed IPS.
In a 2016 modification to the Montreal Protocol, nations agreed to section out the usage of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), which had been getting used as substitutes to CFCs. Referred to as the Kigali Amendment, its signatories agreed that these HFCs symbolize highly effective greenhouses gases (hydrogen, fluorine, and carbon) and contribute to local weather change.
“What is de facto vital now could be that international locations like Saint Lucia have targets on the Montreal Protocol. We’ve been saying ‘HFC-free by 2030,’ so in October, Saint Lucia will launch section two of our HPMP, the HFC Part Out Administration Plan. That can embody actions wanted to assist us obtain that 2030 goal. We’ll develop on what has been performed prior to now and embody actions for coaching of technicians.”
Officers are at present reviewing the nation’s laws to make sure compliance with Kigali Modification targets.
“Our laws must be up to date to develop our licensing and quota system to incorporate HFCs in order that we are able to goal these gases and management them underneath the Montreal Protocol,” Jn. Baptiste stated.
“What’s attention-grabbing is that the HFC phase-down can contribute to prevention of 0.4 levels of warming by the top of the century. That’s vital. 0.4 levels is small, however we all know that the Paris Settlement targets a 1.5 diploma. The Kigali Modification, if international locations implement it, will probably be doing a number of the work of the local weather settlement. The Montreal Protocol began off with the objective of preserving the ozone layer, but it surely has developed to deal with local weather change points – international warming points.”
IPS UN Bureau Report
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